The Speech Therapist

What Is
Traumatic Brain Injury?

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an acquired brain injury resulting from sudden trauma that damages the brain when there is a sudden blow or jolt to the head, or when there is a penetrating injury to the skull. It could be either mild, moderate, or severe.

The most common form of TBI is called a concussion, which can cause disruption of neurological functions. For some individuals, symptoms can persist for days, weeks, or continue long term.

The symptoms of TBI could include any combination of:

  • Trouble to concentrate
  • Difficulty with memory, especially spoken messages
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Headaches
  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Blurred vision
  • Brief loss of consciousness
  • Change in sleep patterns
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Mood or behavioural changes
  • Fatigue or lethargy
  • Light-headedness

Moderate to severe symptoms can include:

  • Slurred speech
  • Decreased reasoning ability
  • Language impairment
  • Difficulty with processing speech in noisy environments
  • Stuttering type of speech
  • Loss of coordination
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Increased confusion
  • Persistent headache
  • Pupil dilation
  • Repeated nausea or vomiting
  • Sleep problems like hypersomnia or insomnia
  • Weakness or numbness in the limbs


Brain Activity


Is Recovery from TBI possible?

Injuries to the brain are complex, and every person is different, however recovery is possible depending on the severity of TBI. Some people will have a complete recovery and some people mostly recover but may deal with some lingering effects, whereas others will have long-term impacts.

The brain has the capacity to make new pathways if tasks are often practiced. In this way it is possible to recover with the help of a Speech-Language Therapist.
Please reach out so I can assist you.